History | Activities
Mariano Corona No. 273 entre Habana y Maceo
Teléfono: (53) 226 86180
President: Eugenia Farin
Vicepresident: Salomón Botton
In our days a great number of Jewish Communities
are living outside Israel, in what is known as the Jewish Diaspora.
More than 2000 years ago, we suffered the dispersions; nevertheless
our people are together and united in our spiritual, in our belief
in one God. The masters of the law had analyzed the diaspora from
two perspectives, some of them considered that the Jews living outside
Israel have been punished because they haven´t followed the
mitzvot, so going back to the Promised Land is their dream as they
feel alien in other lands. Some other Rabbis consider that it has
the objective of letting other people know the values of Judaism.
Both groups agree that there is a huge population living outside
the Holy land, and that’s why there must be a permanent sharing
and interchanges among the Jews of the diaspora and the ones living
in Eretz Israel.
The Hebrew Community Hatikva of Santiago de Cuba
is the result of different and various dispersions. The Jews expelled
from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492 suffered what is known as “The
Sefaradim Diaspora”. Five centuries after their settlement
in the Ottoman Empire, they had to emigrate again, this time to
the Americas, hoping for progress and peace in the New World.
In 1924 a Sefaradim group from Turkey established
this Community. Here in Santiago de Cuba they found a receptive
atmosphere. As fraternal and warm as its weather, this colony grew
with the arrival of other Ashkenazim Jews coming from Europe and
together, they lived a religious and cultural life. They have left
their imprints in the Cubans. From here, most of the first members
of a new dispersion “The Tropical Diaspora”, took off.
Now, there lives an enthusiastic Community that follows the traditions
and customs of the first Jews who arrived in the first decades of
the XX Century.
Hatikva (Hope), is our name, the green color
of the tropical religion inundates and characterizes us. We asked
the Creator to illuminate us with the teachings of the Torá
for the torch of Judaism to keep burning forever.
We have celebrated Shavuot, the fifth of Sivan.
This is one of the three parties of pilgrimage in which the Jews
from Eretz Israel offered their first crops in the great Jerusalem
At present, this festivity has another connotation,
it is the date in which we celebrate and remember that Hashem gives
Moses the law, the sublime moment in which Shejina settled in the
mountains of Sinai, to let the Benei Israel know the law that regulates
the life of its people forever.
Shavuot falls seven weeks after Pesaj. During Easter
we receive physical freedom, but this one brings us spiritual freedom.
According with the scriptures it comes with the Ten Commandments.
In our Community, we celebrate this first Shavuot
of the year 5762 with The Arvit Service, the beautiful blessing
of the children, and then, we have a Community supper, where we
enjoy the dairy products tradition indicates.
The experiences children and youngsters have in
these events are for keeps, thus they will, in time, give them to
their children. They are adding another link to to the chain of
legacy which has made our people unique.
80th Anniversary of the foundation of the Jewish
Recently, the Jewish Community of Santiago de Cuba
has celebrated its 80th anniversary, with a wide historical and
cultural program in which our identity is kept intact.
There was an interesting Fine Arts Exhibition by
Marcos Frómeta Farin introducing his guest Yuri González
Litinov at the embellished Synagogue of Santiago de Cuba Situated
at 273 Corona Street, in this Caribbean city. In addition, there
was a Photograph Exhibition of both, ancient and contemporary photograph
about the life of the Community, a show of Wood Carving Sculptures
presented by the young artisan Robertland Sanchez Segal and also
a Numismatic Show in which the main figure was José Martí,
The Cuban National Hero.
The activities held, began on November 29, 2021
and many presidents of the Jewish Communities of the western and
central part of the island participated. On Sunday, the closing
ceremony was outstanding as the topics dealt with were all very
relevant. There was a testimony about life in the Community, by
Jacobo Behar and a brilliant dissertation about The History of The
Hebrew People by Mariano Mirelman, Representative of the Joint Distribution
Committee in Cuba, who gave us a marble plaque in commemoration
of this anniversary.
The cultural activity was conducted by Daniel Behar
a saxophonist who interpreted two plays of the Cuban musician Ernesto
There was a standing ovation for The String Quartet
made by players and professors from the Symphonic Orchestra from
Santiago de Cuba. There were many pleasing comments about the Atideinu
(Our Future) a dancing group composed by youngsters from the Synagogue
who danced like professionals.
Eighty years in this Community has shown the tenacity
of the Cuban Jews to defend their identity which stems from their
faithfulness to Judaism.
By the President of the Hebrew Community….